VAGINAL THRUSH DURING PREGNANCY : ITS CAUSES,SYMPTOMS,PREVENTION AND COMPLICATIONS
Vaginitis is inflammation of the vagina. It is often the result of infection by any of a number of organisms. Such infections can be sexually transmitted, and hormonal changes during pregnancy. But menopausal women also may develop a type of inflammation called atrophic vaginitis, which is not due to infection but the result of hormonal change.
- Vaginal discharge which is excessive, white/yellow/green, and foul-smelling.
- Pain/soreness of the vulva/vagina during urination/sexual intercourse. In severe cases, even the mild friction of walking gives rise to a burning sensation.
- Itch/vaginal irritation, in some cases.
- Chronic (long-term) vaginitis.
- Pelvic infection, where the vaginal infection spreads up to the cervix, womb and fallopian tubes.
- Infection of the newborn baby.
- Infection by any of the following organisms:
- Fungi e.g. thrush.
- Protozoa e.g. trichomonas infection.
- Viruses e.g. genital herpes.
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy as well as in menopausal women giving rise to atrophic vaginitis, where the dry and thinning/delicate vaginal tissue becomes more prone to injury and inflammation
- Sensitivity to spermicides/ vaginal douches/ deodorants.
- Forgotten tampon.
- See your doctor if you suspect vaginitis. (Delay in treatment may lead to complications.)
- Avoid scratching the area.
- Make sure you complete your prescribed course of medication, even if symptoms disappear after a few days.
- Get your sex partner(s) to be treated too, or you will be infected again.
- Abstain from sex until your doctor gives you the all-clear.
- Wash the genital area at least once a day when you bathe. Use mild non-perfumed soap and avoid talcum powder, if your skin is sensitive.
- When wiping the genital area, wipe gently from front to back without breaking/injuring the skin.
- Avoid spermicides, sensitive to them.
- Avoid vaginal preparations (e.g. deodorants, douches), particularly, if you are sensitive to them. They are not really necessary.
- Wear loose underwear/pants made of fabrics that allow the skin to ‘breathe’.
- During menstruation, avoid wearing the same sanitary napkin for long periods. Always check whether you have removed the last tampon.
- Use a lubricant for sexual intercourse, if necessary.