Uterus Fibroids Symptoms
Uterine fibroids are benign growths in the uterus wall. Risk factors for women include age and family history of fibroids. Up to 40 percent of women over age 40 have uterine fibroids, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Fibroid size ranges from less than an inch to over 8 inches, and can occur alone or in groups. Symptoms vary depending on the size and location. Some uterine fibroids may not produce any symptoms.
Women with fibroids may experience changes in menstrual bleeding. Bleeding can be severe enough to cause anemia due to iron loss. Heavy menstrual bleeding included bleeding that soaks a tampon or pad in 30 minutes to an hour at least three to four hours, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Menstrual periods may occur more frequently and may last seven or more days. Women may also experience bleeding between periods. Post-menopausal women may start to bleed again.
The pain and pressure
Pain due to uterine fibroids can occur in several areas. Women may experience a dull ache in the lower abdomen, pelvis or lower back. Acute pain indicates a fibroid fibroid tissue strangulation due to rotation of the lever on which it grows. The lower abdomen may feel heavy and full due to large fibroids. The fullness also occurs due to enlargement of the uterus and bloating as fibroids grow.
The increase in the uterus can put pressure on the other pelvic organs. This pressure includes causing discomfort to the rectum, which can result in constipation. Fibroids can put pressure on the urinary system causing frequent and painful urination.
Women with fibroids may experience fertility problems due to the fibroid blocking the fallopian tubes or uterus deformed. Other women get pregnant without problems, but may begin to experience symptoms after pregnancy occurs. Symptoms include premature labor and miscarriage abnormal position of the baby, according to the Merck Manuals. Women also have an increased risk of excessive bleeding after childbirth.