Uterine fibroids, common tumors in or attached to the uterus, affecting more than 75 percent of women at some point in their lives, according to FibroidSecondOpinion.com. Fibroids, which are almost always benign, or noncancerous, affect black women more often than whites, and are more common in women who are obese. Most fibroids do not have symptoms and tend to shrink after menopause. There are several different types of fibroids, differentiated by location.
The most common type of fibroid, according to the American Pregnancy Association, Intramural fibroids grow within the uterine wall only and does not extend beyond. Intramural fibroids cause heavy periods, pelvic and back pain, urinary frequency, and feelings of pressure.
Subserosal fibroids grow out from the wall of the uterus and can compress the bowel, bladder and bowel DrDonnica.com states. Pain from pressure on nearby structures, bloating, cramping and abdominal pressure can produce. Abdominal swelling may occur if sufficiently enlarged subserosal fibroids.
Submucosal fibroids are less common than other types, but because they grow in the womb, which has the greatest potential effect on fertility, explains DrDonnica.com. Submucosal fibroids can also cause heavy menstrual bleeding. The removal of submucosal fibroids can increase the chances of getting pregnant, according to a 2009 article in "Fertility and Sterility".
Pedunculados fibroids hanging from a stem, and can be either Subserosal, located on the outside of the uterus, or submucosa, growing in the uterus. Pedunculated fibroids can twist, cutting off the blood supply and cause severe pain, requiring removal. Pedicle submucosal fibroids can also prolapse, or falling through the cervix, which also requires disposal.